A coagulogram is the main method for a comprehensive study of blood coagulation parameters. Assign with a lack of data obtained during an ultrasound study. X-ray of the skull, spine, or other bones that have developed a vascular overgrowth. Puncture of a vascular tumor to determine its morphological structure. Angiography. Helps to identify the features of angioarchitectonics and blood supply of hemangioma, as well as relationships with other vessels.
It is indicated for the treatment of capillary hemangioma that has affected a large surface area of estradiol pills, as well as for tumors located in hard-to-reach places or when other methods of treatment are excluded, for example, with the growth of vascular tissue in the orbit. Cryodestruction is a method of exposure to liquid nitrogen, which allows you to get rid of pinpoint spots by freezing them.
When a hemangioma is exposed to a carbon dioxide laser, pathologically enlarged vessels are coagulated and the tumor is completely removed without mechanical and thermal injury to nearby healthy tissues. Sclerotherapy is the destruction of blood vessels by injecting a special sclerosing solution into them. Effective for combined or cavernous tumors of small sizes. Hormone therapy. Hormones are prescribed to stop the pathological growth of the choroid plexus in children. Operation . Surgical excision is subject to internal hemangiomas, especially large ones, for which other methods are not suitable for getting rid of.
Groups and risk factors for hemangioma in adults: Hemangiomas are more prone to females than males. hereditary predisposition. Diseases causing angiopathy. Frequent and prolonged exposure of the skin to ultraviolet rays, prolonged exposure to the sun. Exposure to bacterial and viral infections. Hypothermia. Strong stress. Unfavorable social conditions. Unfavorable environmental conditions.
What happens in the body. The occurrence of hemangioma is associated with pathological proliferation of cells of the vascular wall. Formations of small sizes may not bring any discomfort, but an increase causes changes in the functioning of some body systems. With the growth of new vessels, increased thrombus formation occurs in the cavities, which is accompanied by depletion of platelets and a decrease in blood coagulation, which can cause bleeding.
Increased thrombus formation can also, in turn, provoke detachment of a blood clot and concomitant vascular thrombosis. Education affects nearby organs and tissues, the location near the eye is especially dangerous. Constant bleeding and traumatization of the hemangioma creates favorable conditions for the development of microflora in the wound, which contributes to infection.
In adults, hemangioma appears less frequently than in children. It is no different in morphology and structure, the main difference may be the localization of the tumor. In adults, a mixed type of hemangioma is often observed, affecting several tissues, and hemangiomas of the internal organs are also found in adults.